top of page

To try and aid identification we have listed the buttons alphabetically, so if you have a monogram style button or place name then start by looking at the first letter on it. There are from these early days though of limited regulation many oddities, so some units that call themselves for example 'Royal' may not have actually been granted that title so therefore do check second letters if it does not appear under the first.

We have used the format as per the Army lists. e.g, Argyllshire (Eastern) Battalion, comes under 'A', but East Retford for example would be under 'E'.

'Loyal' and 'Royal' in the case of Volunteers come under the town/city/area initial. Also many county Militias unofficially used the 'Royal' title but we have stuck to the county initial, so a monogrammed button with the letters RLRV would be under L for Liverpool, so in these cases do check both the first letters.

Buttons E-F

Exmouth Volunteers

Ref No: 053- 

Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Notes: It's unclear which Exmouth unit this button relates to. There is the 'Exmouth & Sidmouth' Volunteer Infantry, a 3 Company unit raised June 1794, the 'Exmouth & Withicomb Rawley' Volunteer Infantry., a 1 Company unit raised August 1798. The 'Exmouth & Withicomb Rawley Pioneers', a 1 Company unit raised June 1798. By1804 'Exmouth' as such barely features. However its probable that a larger Exmouth Corps formed part of one of the very large Battalions, but they are not recorded as such.

Description: 'Exmo Vol' on scroll surmounted by crown ​

Category:​​ English Volunteer Infantry; ​

Type of button: Convex 16mm ​

Metal: Copper Alloy; Backmark: None;

​Date: c1800-1820 ​

Exmouth Volunteers

East Kent Militia

Ref No: 008-

Image Source: UK Detectornet

Notes: This version dates from the early period c1760-c1803 as between 1803-33 the East Kent Militia had the regimental precedent number above the 'EK' see Ref No. 68 below.

Description: EK surrounded by legend HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE.

Category: English Infantry Militia;

Type of button: Flat; Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered.

Backmark: Unreadable;

Date: 1803-1814


East Kent Militia

2nd East Suffolk Local Militia

Ref No: 032-

Image Source: UK Detectornet

Notes: Raised in 1814 with their headquarters in Woodbridge

Description: 'E Suffolk L Militia' around number 2 on crowned eight pointed star ​ Category: Local Militia​​; ​

Type of button: ​Flat ; ​

Metal: Copper Alloy.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1808-1816

Suffolk Local Militia

(57th) East Kent Militia

Ref No: 068-

Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Notes: The East Kent Militia were formed in 1760, buttons pre dating 1803 do not have the precedent number 57 which the unit holds 1803-1833​, see Ref No. 008 above

Description: 57 EK in crowned garter reading HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE ​

Category:​​ English Infantry Militia; ​

Type of button: Convex 18mm ​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, Silver plated; Backmark: Jones, Dublin ;

​Date: 1803-1833 ​

East Kent Militia

East Budleigh Volunteers

Ref No: 073-

Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Notes: East Budleigh Volunteers. A 1 Company unit 1798-1801 CO Capt Samuel Walkey. It was most likely an Association. Re-raised in 1803 on a much stronger footing a 3/4 Company unit under the command of Lt-Col William Hull

East Budleigh Volunteers

Description: EBV Monogram under crown.

Category: English Volunteer Infantry;

Type of button: Flat 18mm;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered. Backmark: None;

Date: c1794-1816​​​

Essex Light Dragoons

Ref No: 093-

Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Notes: The Essex Light Dragoons were raised by Colonel Montague Burgoyne in 1794 and disbanded in 1799

Description: Crown with 'Ex' and 'Lt' either side and 'Ds' below ​

Category:​​ Fencible Cavalry; ​

Type of button: Domed 18mm ​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, Silver plated; Backmark: S FIRMIN STRAND;

​Date: 1794-1799 ​

Essex Light Dragoons

(3rd) Essex Local Militia

Ref No: 132-

Image Source: Colchester Treasure Hunting Club

Notes: The 3rd Essex Local Militia were formed in 1809 having opted to become Local Militia having previously served as the Loyal Colchester Volunteers (See ref 129)​ this is the first of two types known to this unit.

Description: 3 within circle surrounded by ESSEX LOCAL MILITIA ​

Category:​​ Local Militia; ​

Type of button: Slightly convex​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded; Backmark: S FIRMIN STRAND;

​Date: 1809-1816 ​

Essex Local Militia

(1st) Essex Local Militia

Ref No: 143-

Image Source: Colchester Treasure Hunting Club

Notes: The 1st Essex Local Militia were formed in 1809​, this is the first of two known types to this unit

Description: Crown between 1st and L and above ESSEX ​

Category:​​ Local Militia; ​

Type of button: Convex​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered; Backmark:;

​Date: 1809-1816 ​

Essex Local Militia

East Essex Militia (4th pattern)

Ref No: 149-

Image Source: Colchester Treasure Hunting Club

Notes: The East Essex Militia were formed in 1759 and became the Essex Rifles Militia in 1853 during this period they had five styles of known button of which this is the fourth

East Essex Militia

Description: EE on incised eight pointed star.

Category: English Infantry Militia;

Type of button: Flat; Metal: Copper Alloy.

Backmark: None;

Date: c1794-1816

East Norfolk Militia

Ref No: 150-

Image Source: Colchester Treasure Hunting Club

Notes: An early example to the East Norfolk Militia who were founded in 1758. This is believed to be the second of four types known to this unit.

Description: EN in flowing style on eight pointed star ​

Category:​​ English Infantry Militia; ​

Type of button: Flat ​;

Metal: Pewter; Backmark:  ;

​Date: c1780-1800 ​

East Norfolk Militia

East Essex Militia (2nd pattern)

Ref No: 194-

Image Source: Private

Notes: The East Essex Militia were formed in 1759 and became the Essex Rifles Militia in 1853 during this period they had five styles of known button of which this is the second

East Essex Militia

Description: E over EX within French scroll with dot at top join.

Category: English Infantry Militia;

Type of button: Flat; Metal: Pewter.

Backmark: None;

Date: c1780-c1790

East Suffolk Militia

Ref No: 248-

Image Source: ALt

Notes: Formed in 1759 one of three patterns known to the unit before they converted to Light Infantry in 1831.

Description: E RT. over SUFF in wreath ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​; ​

Type of button: ​Convex 16mm ; ​

Metal: Copper Alloy, silver plated.; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1790

East Suffolk Militia

Frampton Volunteers

Ref No: 264- 

Image Source: DP

Notes: A two Company Armed Association under Capt Nathaniel Winchcombe.

Description: FV surmounted by crown ​

Category:​​ English Volunteer Infantry; ​

Type of button: Flat 18mm ​

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilt; Backmark: None;

​Date: 1798-1801 ​

Frampton Volunteers

East Devonshire Volunteer Rifles

Ref No: 270-

Image Source: TP

Notes: The East Devonshire VR were formed in 1860 this button is believed to be to the 3rd which was raised in Honiton. The EDVR would later (1881) make up the 3rd battalion of the Devonshire Regt.

East Devonshire Volunteer Rifles

Description: EDVR over crowned hunting bugle.

Category: Volunteer Rifles;

Type of button: Convex; Metal: Pewter.

Backmark: Treble Standard;

Date: 1860-1881

Ermington Battalion
Ref No: 330-

Image Source: DB

Notes: Formed in 1803 as as one of seven units in the Devon (Southern Regt) the battalion was under Lt Col Samuel Archer and was recorded as having 463 effectives.

Description: ERMINGTON BATTN below central crown ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​; ​

Type of button: ​Slightly Convex ; ​

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1803-c1812

Ermington Battalion
(1st) East Kent Vol Bttn
Ref No: 333-

Image Source: D. O.

Notes: The 1st East Kent Volunteer Battalion was  later the 'Ashford Regiment of Local Militia' but changed in a year to '1st East Kent Local Militia'

Description: EAST KENT VOL BTTN around floral design. ​

Category:​​ English Infantry Militia; ​

Type of button: Convex 18mm ​;

Metal: Copper Alloy; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1803-1808 ​

East Kent Volunteer Battalion
Earl of Chesters Legion
Ref No: 334-

Image Source: D.O.

Notes: The Earl of Chester's Battalion was a large double battalion although it is likely the Loyal Knutsford Volunteers wore their own unifrom.

Earl of Chesters Legion

Description: PoW feathers surrounded by EARL OF CHESTERS LEGION under crown.

Category: English Volunteer Infantry;

Type of button: Slightly convex; Metal: Copper Alloy.

Backmark: None;

Date: 1803-08​​​

(2nd) East Yorks Militia
Ref No: 339-

Image Source: Sylverskin via UK Detectornet

Notes: An unusual Yorkshire find to the 2nd East Yorks Militia.

Description: EYM 2 within eight pointed star and decorated edge ​

Category: English Supplementry Militia​​; ​

Type of button: ​Slightly Convex 19mm ; ​

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilded; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1797-c1801

Ermington Battalion
East Glamorgan Local Militia
Ref No: 412-

Image Source: Ross Mather

Notes: An unusual find from the Vale of Glamorgan being a​ new type to this unit which recruited from the Cardiff area, raised in Sept 1809 they were disbanded in 1816.

East Glamorgan Militia

Description: EASTn GLAMORGAN LOCAL MILITIA around PoW feathers.

Category: Welsh Local Militia;

Type of button: Convex; Metal: Copper Alloy gilded.

Backmark: FIRMIN & WESTALL STRAND;

Date: 1809-1816​​​

East Kent Militia
Ref No: 413-

Image Source: Mark A.

Notes: The final pattern to the unit before they became he 3rd battalion of the Buffs.

Description:Kentish Horse with INVICTA around surmounted by crown ​

Category:​​ English Infantry Militia; ​

Type of button: Convex ​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, Silver plated; Backmark:  ;

​Date: c1833-c1881 ​

East Kent Militia
East Middlesex Militia
Ref No: 414-

Image Source: Malcolm Duff.

Notes: The first of three designs known to he East Middlesex Militia who were first raised in 1760 before gaining the Royal title in 1804.

Description: Middlesex crest under coronet. ​

Category:​​ English Infantry Militia; ​

Type of button: Flat 17mm ​;

Metal: Pewter; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1780-c1800 ​

East Middlesex Militia
East Suffolk Militia
Ref No: 415-

Image Source: D. Metson

Notes: The unit converted to Light Infantry in 1831 and this is the second and final pattern to them before in 1853 they became artillery.

Description: ES entwined within crowned bugle ​

Category: English Infantry Militia​​; ​

Type of button: ​Convex 16mm ; ​

Metal: Copper Alloy; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1831-53.

East Suffolk Militia
Essex Hinckford Yeomanry
Ref No: 416-

Image Source: Kevin P

Notes: A tentative albeit likely ID as no other EHYs exist in milita listings. The unit was a Cavalry Association whose CO later appears with the Hinckford Vol Infantry.

Description: EHY monogram under crown ​

Category:​​ Yeomanry Cavalry; ​

Type of button: Flat 22mm ​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, Silvered; Backmark: None;

​Date: 1798-1801 ​

Essex Hinckford Yeomanry
Fishguard & Newport  Volunteers
Ref No: 426- 

Image Source: Detecting Button Finds UK, FB group

Notes: A not listed armed association raised locally by local landowner William Knox as a response to the governments call to arms.

Description: PoW feathers over letters FNV ​

Category:​​ Welsh Volunteer Infantry; ​

Type of button: Flat ​

Metal: Copper Alloy; Backmark;

​Date: 1794-c1803 ​

Fishguard and Newport Volunteers
Ewelme Loyal Volunteers
Ref No: 782-

Image Source: DP

Notes: An attributed example to this small Oxfordshire unit.

Description: ELV under crown ​

Category:​​ Volunteer Infantry; ​

Type of button: Flat 16mm​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered; Backmark: I NUTTING COVENT GARDEN;

​Date: 1803-1808 ​

Ewelme Loyal Volunteers
East Ross Volunteers
Ref No: 820-

Image Source: DP

Notes: The East Ross Vols are a Sutherland unit.

Description: ERV monogram under crown surrounded by thistle ​

Category:​​ Scottish Infantry Volunteers; ​

Type of button: Flat 16mm ​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilt; Backmark: None ;

​Date: 1794-1801 ​

East Ross Volunteers
Fifeshire Fencibles
Ref No: 830- 

Image Source: DP

Notes: .

Description: FIFESHIRE FENCIBLES around central crown ​

Category:​​ Scottish Fencibles; ​

Type of button: Slightly convex 19mm ​

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered; Backmark; None

​Date: 1794-1800 ​

Fifeshire Fencibles
Framlingham Loyal Volunteers
Ref No: 869- 

Image Source: DP

Notes: An attractive design to the unit that was an Armed Association.

Description: CHURCH AND KING surmounted by crown with FRAMLINGHAM LOYAL VOLUNTEERS around edge​

Category:​​ English Volunteer Infantry; ​

Type of button: Flat 16mm(21mm also now recorded) ​

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered; Backmark: None;

​Date: 1798-1801 ​

Framlingham Loyal Volunteers
East Norfolk Militia
Ref No: 881-

Image Source: DP

Notes: An early example to the East Norfolk Militia who were founded in 1758. This is believed to be the second of four types known to this unit.

Description: E over NORFOLK over B(attalion) ​

Category:​​ English Infantry Militia; ​

Type of button: Flat 19mm ​;

Metal: Pewter; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1770-1780 ​

East Norfolk Militia
Freebridge & Smithdon YC
Ref No: 886- 

Image Source: DP

Notes: A short lived Norfolk unit.

Description: Central crown with FS aside and YC vertically.

Category:​​ Yeomanry Cavalry; ​

Type of button: Convex 16mm​

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered; Backmark: None;

​Date: 1798-1801 ​

Freebridge & Smithdon Yeomanry Cav
(1st) East Devon Militia
Ref No: 895-

Image Source: DP

Notes: This is the third known pattern to this unit which was formed into three regiments in 1763.

1st East Devon Militia

Description: Central crown with 1st DEVN REGT below.

Category: English Infantry Militia;

Type of button: Slightly convex 22mm;

Metal: Copper Alloy gilt.  Backmark: FIRMIN & WESTALL STRAND;

Date: c1790-1820​​​

Exeter Loyal Association
Ref No: 900-

Image Source: DP

Notes: A nice example to a local Armed Assoc.

Description: Stylised ELA under crown ​

Category:​​ Armed Assoc.; ​

Type of button: Flat 16.5mm​;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered; Backmark: None;

​Date: 1798-1801 ​

Exeter Loyal Assoc
East Budleigh Local Militia
Ref No: 902-

Image Source: UK Detector Finds Database

Notes: East Budleigh Local Militia was raised on 24 Sept 1808  unit under the command of Col John, Lord Rolle.

East Budleigh Volunteers

Description: EB in central circle in eight pointed star.

Category: English Local Militia;

Type of button: Convex 20mm;

Metal: Copper Alloy, silvered. Backmark: FIRMIN & CO LONDON;

Date: 1808-1816​​​

Eastern Dorest Local Militia
Ref No: 924-

Image Source: DP

Notes: The Eastern Regt was raised on 19 December 1808 under the command of Lt Col Com Edmund Pleydell, raised from the Blandford area of the county.

Eastern Dorest Local Militia

Description: Crowned LM with EASTERN DOREST curved below.

Category: Local Militia;

Type of button: Convex 19mm;

Metal: Copper Alloy, played. Backmark: JENNENS & CO LONDON;

Date: 1808-1816​​​

Eling & Milbrook Vols
Ref No: 956-

Image Source: DP

Notes: A unit formed near Southampton, Hampshire.

Description: EMV below crown ​

Category: English Volunteer Infantry; ​

Type of button: ​Slightly Convex 16.5mm ; ​

Metal: Copper Alloy, gilt; Backmark: None ;

​Date: c1798-1815

Eling & Milbrook Vols
bottom of page